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老态龙钟“小渝州”---大宁河咏叹(9)

 
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加入时间: 2006/06/11
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来自: 中国三峡
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文章时间: 2008-2-18 周一, 下午9:58    标题: 老态龙钟“小渝州”---大宁河咏叹(9) 引用回复

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游小三峡,终点是大昌古城。可惜船多停在“小小三峡”之入口折返,游人少有驻足大昌的时间和机会。我曾在夏夜的大昌河畔洗澡,也曾在秋风肃杀的石板街上寻觅旅店。古城门洞内外,我曾以晚来者的虔诚,用手指丈量过城砖的厚度;参天古树下,我还用崇拜的目光,凝视过街市房顶的翘角飞檐……总之,我是三峡人,是三峡秀山丽水哺育的文化工作者,自诩曰“写字匠”,亲近三峡是缘份、描摹三峡是幸运。
说起来,大昌城的兴衰与盐有关。巫溪咸泉即巫盐的开采,大多是通过大昌水陆码头转运的。我曾在栈道篇写过,大宁河古栈道的形成,也与巫盐相关。栈道架设不为军需,则系民用,而“引宁厂盐泉用竹篾架渡槽至大昌煎制”之说,最为可信。
算起来,大昌城的确很古老了。史志云,晋时即设大昌县,说明此地已有相当规模了。宋朝始筑城,名曰“天志城”。清道光之后,废大昌县并与巫山县。城兴则地面盐业发达兴旺,城衰也印证着一段史实,表明那时井盐的开采有了进步与发展,人们不再单一地依附于巫溪盐泉了。
大昌的地势条件好,这里河谷宽敞,景色宜人,自古以来便是水陆交通枢纽。古朴的街道,雅致的建筑,精巧的城市布局,令人赏心悦目。昔日,栈房一条街,饭馆一条街,鸦片烟馆一条街,万商云集,货运秦楚,特别繁华,享有“小渝州”(即小重庆)之美誉。
现如今,大昌委屈地被称为附属巫山县的镇治,虽有不服,却亦无奈。三峡工程建成后,连巫山旧城都要全部淹没库底,何况大昌古城呢?据说,重庆市有关部门正在着手“长江三峡文化长廊”的规划,拟将古老的大昌城按原貌择扯复原重建。这事儿好是好,可原貌复建,
择地却是要紧的,太远了,便脱离了地理环境,便少了其独特韵味,孤零零在荒坡上耸一座假城,有何意义呢?
对文物古迹的取舍,我一向主张要分轻重缓急,且分主次,挖掘也罢,搬迁也罢,取与舍之间,要有史家襟怀,政治家谋略和经济家的胆识和眼光,不能只顾眼前,只盯着国家赔偿。湖北秭归的屈原者,原来就是“移民”,已经搬了两次,据说老夫子还要当一回“移民”,有这个必要么?重庆云阳县城南岸之张飞庙,亦将随着县城的搬迁而搬迁,张飞泉下有知,没准会“环眼怒瞪”哩。这大昌城很古,建筑也很有特色,没错。可大昌城的繁华已逝,的确变得很老很丑了呀。我们搬迁它,重建它,是修的大昌城现貌,还是试图采用现代科技手
段,使衰亡的古城恢复生机,再现昔日之辉煌呢?倘是前者,以花钱进尔捞钱为目的演“空城计”,我想是枉费心机;若系后者,我敢断言:主观愿望虽好,怕也是臆想,痴人说梦。
叫我说,你若有游兴,最好抢在2003年三峡大坝蓄水之前,携妻儿老小逛逛三峡,也逛逛小三峡、小小三峡。那时,大昌古城的容颜依旧,你置身其间,可感受岁月沧桑,江山永固;你若带着照机,便可轻易地把大昌古城搬回家,永久珍藏。


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文章时间: 2018-6-27 周三, 上午11:45    标题: Cheap Buffalo Bills Jerseys 1841 to be precise 引用回复

…as 195 years of existence is celebratedSituated at the north-western corner of the Brickdam and Avenue of the Republic intersection in the capital city of Georgetown, the St Andrew’s Kirk Presbyterian Church is conspicuous in its uniqueness, but even more engaging for its admirable durability. In fact, the religious venue has been in existence for almost two centuries.The almost two century-old St Andrew’s Kirk.If the recorders of history are precise in their documentation actual work on the church, which has its roots in the Dutch Reformist Movement, commenced on August 11, 1811.  However, because of financial and other difficulties, the framework of the structure was sold in 1813 to members of the Established Church of Scotland with the understanding that the members of the Dutch Reform church would be allowed to worship within its confines. Moreover, construction work, which commenced in 1816, came to an end in 1818, paving the way for the church to be established on September 27, 1818.In that very year the church was opened for public worship,[url=http://www.jerseysthrowback.us/arizona-cardinals-pat-tillman-throwback-jersey/]Pat Tillman Cardinals Throwback Jersey[/url], giving credence to the claim that it is possibly the oldest church that has practiced continuous worship in Guyana.The church doors were of course opened during the era of slavery and the then Minister, Reverend Archibald Browne, who according to reports was concerned about the welfare of slaves, started to admit slaves as members to the church by 1821.And it was just about two decades later, 1841 to be precise, that the Church of Scotland Primary School was erected as another Minister,[url=http://www.nflauthentic.us.com/Miami-Dolphins_Andre-Branch-Jersey-ti-32/]Andre Branch Dolphins Jersey[/url], Reverend James Struthers, was convinced that the slaves who were freed, after much struggle, by August 1, 1838, should be trained.Moreover, history details that during the period 1857-1863, two teachers were sent for training at the Bishop’s College which was the then Teachers’ Training College, established under a grant made available by the Combined Court.And though the church evolved over the years under the auspices of various overseas ministers, even after Guyana gained its independence in 1966, it was not until 1974 that a local Minister was appointed in the person of Reverend Oswald Allen Best.Today, the church is headed by Reverend Maureen Massiah, who is in fact the first female Minister elevated to the full status of Ordained Minister. She was appointed in September 2011 and has assumed full responsibility as Moderator for St Andrew’s Kirk,  which continues to maintain its role and its place in the Guyanese society and even further afield.Ahead of Massiah’s appointment, the church, which has retained structural integrity, was under the control of the Government; a period that spanned 1976 – 2011.So auspicious is the age-old edifice that Massiah assumed responsibility for, that it has been recognised by the Guyana Government as not only a historic building but also a heritage site. And members of the church insist that other than regular maintenance, the original structure has been expertly preserved. Well, except for the slate roof which this publication understands was replaced just about a decade ago with asphalt shingles and the fact that the windows which were once outfitted with plain glass are now a colourful view.Some remedial works were also done on the interior and exterior of the building, but much of the original timber (balata, pine) has been preserved and the style retained. To ensure the security and integrity of the building a fence has been erected around the perimeter. However, no effort was spared to ensure the building remains in full view of the interested public.And in keeping with the Disability Act which came into effect a few years ago, the church has since erected a wheelchair ramp at its northern doorway.Worship service is conducted each Sunday, and like other churches, Holy Communion is held on the First Sunday of each month.The membership of the church has been described as a “true representation of the Guyanese community” as it relates to gender, age,[url=http://www.2018draftshop.com/Baker-Mayfield-Jersey/]Baker Mayfield Jersey[/url], ethnicity, social,[url=http://www.authenticjerseyssaleshop.com/Cheap-Atlanta-Braves-Hoodie-Jersey-Authentic/]Cheap Atlanta Braves Hoodies[/url], economic and political status,[url=http://www.officialsfootball.com/arizona-cardinals/chandler-jones-jersey]Chandler Jones Jersey[/url], skills, abilities and talents. The membership, which amounts to about 700 individuals, includes residents of the lower East Coast of Demerara,[url=http://www.basketballofficialusa.com/charlotte-hornets]Nike Charlotte Hornets Authentic Jerseys[/url], the East Bank, the West Coast and West Bank of Demerara.The maintenance of the structure is ensured mainly through the support of local as well as migrated members, adherents and friends in the Diaspora.And in commemoration of its 195th year of existence, the Church will on Wednesday host a press conference with a view of highlighting an agenda of activities leading up to September 27. The media, at that forum, will also be allowed to view and even photograph a display of Silver Communion Wares dating back to the 18th and 19th Centuries, as well as an exhibition of original church records dating back to the days of slavery.
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